This page is dedicated to Circen
The following are Sprachspiele; some of them are mine, some are
others' (in particular, some are Ludwig Wittgenstein's).
- Writing down a list of Sprachspiele.
- Writing a book about a book.
- Writing a book about a book which is written about a book.
- Discussing about war and peace.
- Giving orders, and obeying them.
- Describing the appearance of an object, or giving its
- Constructing an object from a description (a drawing).
- Reporting an event.
- Speculating about an event.
- Forming and testing a hypothesis.
- Presenting the results of an experiment in tables and diagrams.
- Making up a story; and reading it.
- Singing catches.
- Guessing riddles.
- Making a joke; telling it.
- Solving a problem in practical arithmetic.
- Translating from one language into another.
- People who on waking tell us certain incidents (that they have
been in such-and-such places, etc.). Then we teach them the expression
"I dreamt", which precedes the narrative. Afterwards I sometimes ask
them "did you dream anything last night?" and am answered yes or no,
sometimes with an account of a dream, sometimes not.
- Read a sentence. - And now look along the following line
&8§± §±?ß +% 8!'§*
and say a sentence as you do so.
- Referring to an object when speaking by pointing to it.
- Predicting a man's actions from his expression of a decision.
- The language-game of physical object - sense-impressions.
- Sprachspiele in physics.
- Discussing about War and Peace.
- The language-game of reporting can be given such a turn that a
report is not meant to inform the hearer about its subject matter but
about the person making the report.
- It is so when, for instance, a teacher examines a pupil.
- (You can measure to test the ruler.)
- Asking something's name.
- Inventing a name for something, and hence saying, "This is ...."
and then using the new name.
- (Thus, for example, children give names to their dolls and then
talk about them and to them.)
- Describing the aroma of coffee.
- Saying how many feet high Mont Blanc is.
- Saying how the word "game" is used.
- Saying how a clarinet sounds.
- Talking about or describing a Sprachspiel.
- Posing questions to oneself and answering them.
- Telling good from evil.
- Telling someone "I love you".
- Writing scientific papers.